Pest Control in Nagercoil

Anti Termite Treatment

Termite:
A termite is an insect of the order, lsoptera with six legs and a body divided into three main constrictions, namely head, thorax and abdomen. On the head is situated a pair of antenna made up of many bead like segments. On the head, too, are the mandibles that bite the wood as well as black compound eyes. The thorax of chest consists of three segments to each of which are attached as per legs. And in those termites that are winged a pair of wings is attached to each of the last two segments of the thorax. There are three castes: reproductive, workers and soldiers. Reproductive forms have two pairs of equal wings and one pair of compound eyes. Workers and soldiers and blind, sexless, wingless and have thin cuticles that are susceptible to desiccation in dry are exposed environments.

Why are termites so destructive?
The answer is that the individuals are long lived, that the colony is self-perpetuating, that the insects have constantly available supply of food, that they are social insects and thus cooperate and are moreover protected from the enemies and extremes of heat and hold, storms etc. all of which are provided by their crypto biotic or hidden mode of life.

What are termites so destructive?

They are:
1 .Earthen tubes extended from the ground to the wood
2 .Wood attacked by subterranean termites comes readily apart when badly infested
3 .The presence of winged termites males or females

Anti Termite Treatment :
I. Pre Construction Treatment
Stage –1
In case of Masonry foundation the bottom surface and the sides of the excavations made from masonry foundations and basements shall be treated with the ANTI TERMITE SOLUTION.

Stage – 2

After the masonry foundations and the retaining wall of the basements come up, the backfill in immediate contact with the foundation structure shall be treat. If water is used for ramming the earth fill, the ANTI TERMITE solution treatment shall be carried out after the ramming operation is done by rodding the earth at 150 mm centres close to parallel to the wall surface and spraying the ANTI TERMITE solution at the above dosage. After the treatment, the soil should be tamped in place. The earth is usually returned in layers and the treatment shall be carried out in similar stages. The ANTI TERMITE solution shall be directed towards the masonrysurfaces so the earth in contact with these surfaces is well treated with the chemical.
In case of RCC foundations, the concrete is dense being a 1:2:4 mix of richer, the termites are unable to penetrate it, it is therefore, unnecessary to start the treatment from the bottom of excavations. The treatment shall start at the depth of 500mm below the ground level.

Stage-3

The top surface of the consolidated earth within plinth walls shall be treated with ANTI TERMITE solution , before the sand bed are sub-grade is laid. If the filled earth has been well rammed and the surface does not allow the emulsion to seep through, holes to facilitate saturation of the soil with the ANTI TERMITE solution.

II. Post construction treatment
1. Treatment to masonry foundation
Dig shovel width trench close to the external wall building exposing the foundation wall surface up to a depth of 50cm. Apply ANTI TERMITE solution. For uniform dispersal of the chemical, make30to50 cm. each 30cm apart and pump ANTI TERMITE solution to soak the soil.

2. Treatment under the floor
The termites are likely to seek entry through the floor at the junction of the floor and walls, floor surface and at construction joints due to defects or expansions.

Create barrier beneath the floor, by drilling holes at the junction of floors and wall, along the cracks on the floor and the constructional joints apart vertically through the floor reaching the soil below. ANTI TERMITE solution shall be squirted. Seal the holes properly.

3. Wood Treatment
Mix ANTI TERMITE solution in kerosene or turpentine emulsion. Use this for wood treatment. Drill holes in existing woodwork / furniture with a downward slant apart and inject ANTI TERMITE emulsion liberally inside the holes till refusal as well as brush all surfaces of timber. Repeat application twice after drying. The treated surface can be painted or varnished. For new and replacement timber, dipping it in ANTI TERMITE solution suitable diluted in kerosene/turpentine oil .




Coconut Diseases

Rhinoceros Beetle
Coconut rhinoceros beetle is a serious pest of coconut palm Cocos nucifera, betelnut Areca catechu, and Pandanus species. It is also known to attack banana, taro, pineapple and sugar cane.

Adults are the injurious stage of the insect. They are generally night-time fliers and when they alight on a host, they chew down into the folded, emerging fronds of coconut palms to feed on sap. V-shaped cuts in the fronds and holes through the midrib are visible when the leaves grow out and unfold. If the growing tip is injured, the palm may be killed or severe loss of leaf tissue may cause decreased nut set. Feeding wounds may also serve as an infection pathway for pathogens or other pests. The effects of adult boring may be more severe on younger palms where spears are narrower.

Red Form Vivel
The diagnostic symptom is the conspicuous red stain coming from a hole seeping down the coconut stem. At first there is a soft, slowly expanding stem decay that blackens with age. Darkly pigmented liquid bleeds down the trunk from the point of infection, covering the stem surface with a black layer of fluids.

A cavity may develop beneath the affected area. Over the years, the fungal invasion of the interior stem can rot the stem entirely, causing plant decline and death. Basal stem invasion may occur in wet areas, producing a black collar of diseased stem tissue at the plant-soil interface. Roots may be blackened and decayed.

Leaf Rot
Blackening and shriveling up of distal ends of the leaflets in the central spindle and younger leaves which later break off in bits. Gradual weakening of the tree resulting in decline yield.

Bio Fertilizer

A biofertilizer (also bio-fertilizer) is a substance which contains living microorganisms which, when applied to seed, plant surfaces, or soil, colonizes the rhizosphere or the interior of the plant and promotes growth by increasing the supply or availability of primary nutrients to the host plant.[1] Bio-fertilizers add nutrients through the natural processes of nitrogen fixation, solubilizing phosphorus, and stimulating plant growth through the synthesis of growth-promoting substances. Bio-fertilizers can be expected to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The microorganisms in bio-fertilizers restore the soil's natural nutrient cycle and build soil organic matter. Through the use of bio-fertilizers, healthy plants can be grown, while enhancing the sustainability and the health of the soil. Since they play several roles, a preferred scientific term for such beneficial bacteria is "plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria" (PGPR). Therefore, they are extremely advantageous in enriching soil fertility and fulfilling plant nutrient requirements by supplying the organic nutrients through microorganism and their byproducts. Hence, bio-fertilizers do not contain any chemicals which are harmful to the living soil.

We have Bio Fertilizers like
  1. Neem Cake
  2. Bone Meal
  3. Bio Composed Vermic
  4. Micro Food

Latest News

News will be updated soon.

News will be updated soon.

News will be updated soon.